The project area i.e. Uva province, is the poorest and most sparsely populated province in Sri Lanka. It has been estimated that 64% of the households are directly engage in agro based activities in the UP.

In the district of Moneragala, in which the project is located, the agro based industries mainly focused on cultivation of seasonal crops such as maize, sugarcane, paddy etc. For an example, the sugarcane is one of such seasonal crops and the farmers have to wait for 10 months to harvest the crop. Many farmers do not have regular income base to survive during the period from sugarcane planting to harvesting. This example is applicable for other seasonal crops as well. Therefore, it is beneficial to couple agriculture with animal husbandry (crop and livestock integrated farming system) to ensure steady and regular cash flow for the farmers in the area.



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